Also known as
French lilac, Italian fitch
Where is it originally from?
What does it look like?
Woody, upright herbaceous perennial to 2m tall. Small, oval, bright green leaflets are arranged in 4-9 pairs along stems. Many-flowered clusters (<30 cm long) of small pea-like purplish-blue to deep pink to white-purplish flowers (Dec-May) are followed by cylindrical seedpods with parallel veins. Goat's rue is soft and spindly when young, but grows into dense clumps with tall stems that die back during autumn.
Why is it weedy?
Spreads rapidly, establishes quickly, and can tolerate a wide range of conditions.
How does it spread?
Each plant can produce thousands of long lived seeds. Seeds are dispersed via pod burst or from pods floating on waterways. Can also grow from stem fragments. Human spread can be via the movement of contaminated gravel.
What damage does it do?
Forms tough clumps and spreads rapidly, taking over large areas. Clumps form a large, woody rootstock that can survive several years, sending up new shoots each season. Can be poisonous to stock.
Which habitats is it likely to invade?
Riverbeds, swampland, pastures, roadsides, and wasteland.